Controlling common garden weeds is very important for proper growth of vegetable or other crops in any field. Weeds which are found commonly in gardens (and lawns) include dock leaves, horse tail, stinging nettles, dandelions, twitch grass, bindweed and a few others. If a garden is not maintained properly, the chances of growth of actual plants which were sown are lesser than the chances of weed growth.
Weeds grow annually, leaving a lot of seeds in the ground until the next season. When the conditions are optimum for their growth, they start appearing in the garden. As during the annual seeding time older soil is brought to the top by turning over, these seeds come to the top and grow into weed plants. Controlling common garden weeds is possible relatively easily if the task is done carefully.
It’s worth noting that doing the no-dig method of gardening significantly reduces weeds as they are not brought to the soil by annual digging.
Some common garden weeds are easy to deal with when they are young, while others are more problematic to remove. The other ones can be taken care of by hoeing, while these tougher to deal with ones live from year to year.
One commonly used method to control weeds in the garden is to spray some chemicals. It might prove to be effective against the weeds, but it comes with its own chemical issues. Not only that but spraying chemicals near your food is almost certainly a terrible idea if it can be avoided at all.
There are simpler methods which can be used. Dock leaves can be removed by digging the plant out with its root. If the major tap root is left in the ground, the weed will grow again. When root cutting is done, rotation should be done carefully so that there is no time for these roots to multiply.
Dandelions also have deep roots however they are not that strong that they come back year after year. If lawn sand is added in a small quantity on these dandelions, they can be killed. Bindweed grows very fast and has long roots, in this case too, digging out the roots is the right method to follow.
Although the best method of removing these weeds is to do it manually there is a place for chemicals and sometimes the only option is to use them in small quantities.
A good method in this regard would be to have a garden maintenance plan to follow. One must work on removing weeds carefully every now and then. That would help in removing the weeds in the manner that the next year’s growth is expected to be lower.
Covering the garden over with a mulch or black plastic during the winter will result in less weeds the following season and is a solid plan to follow.